Recordkeeping 101: Information Your Small Business Needs to Maintain


If You Own a Business, Recordkeeping Comes with the Territory Regardless of the type of business you own, every small business needs to keep detailed accounts of key business records. Your industry may have additional requirements, but, at a minimum, have this list of essential records up-to-date and within reach.

•Accounting Records

oAccounts Payable

oAccounts Receivable

oExpense Receipts

oPayroll Records

oTax Filings

oVehicle Mileage Logs

Bank and Credit Card Statements


•Purchase Orders

•Licenses and Permits

•Certificates of Insurance

Employment Applications

•Articles of Incorporation/Certificate of Organization

•Operating Agreements

•Annual Meeting Minutes

•Trademark, Service Mark and Patent Registrations

•Inventory Logs

Find Easy-to-Use Tools that Take the Hassle Out of Recordkeeping

Organization is the key ingredient in good, thorough recordkeeping. There are several recordkeeping tools out there to help business owners get organized, including software-based solutions, cloud-based solutions, and, of course, paper-based solutions. Most recordkeeping tools are geared for maintaining your accounting records on a daily, monthly and annual basis. Also, look for data storage solutions where you can store and back-up all of your records either on an external server or in the cloud. Here is an overview of some of the best recordkeeping solutions available for small businesses.

Software Solutions

The trick with recordkeeping is to keep things simple. Basic software solutions like Microsoft Excel spreadsheets and Microsoft Word documents can be a simple, easy-to-use solution for businesses that only require a few recordkeeping basics. Quickbooks Pro for desktop is a more sophisticated software solution that you download to your computer. If you do decide to use any of these software solutions to record all or a portion of your records, don’t make the mistake of only storing your documents on your computer’s internal hard drive. Make a habit of backing up your records daily, whether it’s on a secure server, external hard drive, or a cloud-based system. There are free or low-cost solutions like Google Drive and Dropbox that are great for simple file storage. Or, you can invest in a cloud-based back-up solution, like Carbonite, that takes care of automatic file back-ups for all of your critical documents with increased security.

Cloud Solutions

Paperless cloud-based solutions have grown in popularity in recent years and the tools businesses can access are becoming more sophisticated and easier-to-use. If you’re a small service business, a simple cloud-based accounting system like Fresh Books may be all you need to manage your books. For more complex small businesses, like those that manage inventory, Quickbooks Online is an excellent cloud-based option.

Going paperless removes the need to file and store countless receipts and paper records, saving you time and helping you stay organized. And, many of these tools will sync right to your business bank account and credit card to automatically pull expenses into your records. Look for options like digital receipt filings that let you scan physical receipts and turn them into digital records, eliminating the hassle of paper records.

Paper Solutions

If you prefer doing things the old-fashioned way, there’s nothing wrong with using pen and paper to keep your business’ records in order. If you choose to use paper, be aware that paper recordkeeping is a commitment. You’ll need to update your records daily to keep up, be consistent in how you record information and be extremely organized when filing your paper documents. Be sure to create duplicates of the most important documents that you can’t afford to lose and store them somewhere safe.

Work with a Professional Accountant

Keeping good records of all of your business accounts and activities will pay dividends come tax time. At the end of the tax year, turn over your business records to a professional accountant. If you use a cloud-based solution, most systems allow 5you to provide your accountant with a unique log-in so they can access tax documents and business records directly without you doing any additional leg work.

Whichever system you use, keeping well-organized records gives your accountant the information they need to file your business taxes accurately on your behalf and keep your business in good standing with the IRS.

Maintaining accurate business records and using the right, easy-to-use recordkeeping tools is a necessary and important part of running a successful business. But, it isn’t always an easy or straightforward process. When you’re ready to rethink recordkeeping for your business, do so with the help of a SCORE mentor. A SCORE mentor will help you create a process for daily, weekly and monthly recordkeeping best practices and help you stay organized. Contact a SCORE mentor today.

Yusef Muhammad
Southwest Regional Vice President, SCORE

Since 1964, SCORE “Mentors to America’s Small Business” has helped more than 9 million aspiring entrepreneurs and small business owners through mentoring and business workshops. More than 11,000 volunteer business mentors in over 320 chapters serve their communities through entrepreneur education dedicated to the formation, growth and success of small businesses. For more information about starting or operating a small business, call 1-800-634-0245 for the SCORE chapter nearest you. Visit SCORE Funded in part through a Cooperative Agreement with the U.S. Small Business Administration. All opinions, conclusions, and/orrecommendations expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the SBA.